MR/DD was an abbreviation. MR was used to stand for Mental Retardation, a term we will no longer use. DD stands for Developmental Disabilities and is used to describe a medical condition a person may have.
Most children and folks with MR/DD will learn new things but at a slower pace than what's called a "normal" pace. A person with MR/DD should always be allowed an opportunity to learn at their own rate. A person with MR/DD may have special needs and their ability to function physically and behaviorally will depend on the severity of their MR/DD. The following determinations or levels of MR/DD, (based on IQ testing), are estimates of how well a person with MR/DD will be able to function as a child and as an adult. Evaluations could start before birth and "family" history should be a consideration prior to copulation , however by three months of age basic awareness as an "indicator" is to be cognaizance of.
The Following levels are only an informational guide for a general idea of the complexity of MR/DD.
A). Mild : (IQ range 55 to 69) : Often barely noticed to most people. Can learn practical skills up to 6th grade level , as well as math and reading. Often able to achieve social and job skills. May live in unassisted environments. Guidance and support during stress is required.
B). Moderate : (IQ range 40 to 54) : With training; motor skills and speech are possible. Self help and independent living is possible to a limited degree. Some assisted travel alone in familiar places. There is often an inability to gain useful reading or math skills. Will perform simple task under supervision.
C). Severe: (IQ range 25 to 39) : Delays in motor development and little or no communication skills. Possible self help with training. Some speech recognition and motor skills. Needs protective environment and supervision.
D). Profound : (IQ range , less than 24) : Delays in all areas of development; Unable to take care of themselves. Someone will need to give them complete support for daily living. However basic emotions are shown.
In summary the 4 levels of MR/DD are.
A. Mild B. Moderate C. Severe D. Profound.
Note: Mentally Retarded will no longer be used as a descriptive term throughout the rest of our program.